Up to April 1, 1971 there was no facility to accommodate children in Pottawatomie, Lincoln, Seminole and
Okfuskee Counties who were in distress either by reason of misfortune or their own acting out. Many were housed in a cell exactly like
the one to the right. It was made for adult offenders. It was barred, locked and stark read more...
Boys are more likely than girls to be drawn into bullying episodes and actively participate. Bullying stops in less than 10 seconds, 57% of the time when peers intervene on behalf of the victim.
Internet citation: Bullying.org
For additonal information or for help in this area contact Youth & Family 405.275.3340
Bullying | Safe Schools | Self Mutilitation
| Human Trafficking | Did you know?
is Relational Aggression?
Support America's Safe Schools Week. The third week (Sunday through Saturday) in October is designated each year as America's Safe Schools Week. This week is an appropriate time to initiate many school safety ideas.
Work with law enforcers and parents to fingerprint young children as a safety measure. Fingerprinting is usually done at a school site by law enforcers. The prints then are given to the parent or guardian.
Internet citation: National School Safety Center
It is estimated that one in every 100 individuals in the United States, or more than 2.5 million people, are self-mutilators. Girls are four times more likely to engage in self-harm than boys, with girls between the ages of 16 and 25 at highest risk, although many girls begin cutting in middle school (ages 12 or 13). At risk individuals also include those who have underlying psychiatric disorders. Up to half of individuals who are self-mutilators were sexually abused as children.
Internet citation: Cutter Demographics
Stereotypical self-mutilation has been seen in the Lesch-Nyhan, deLange, and Tourette's syndrome which has spurred interest in a biological model.
Biological Model 1:
Recent evidence suggests the role of the neurotransmitter dopamine in self-mutilation.
Biological Model 2:
In addition to dopamine, endogenous opioids have also been linked to self-mutilation. The biological reinforcement theory suggests that the pain from self-mutilation may cause the production of endorphins (endogenous opioids) that reduce dysphoria. A cycle is formed in which the habitual self-mutilator will hurt themselves in order to feel better.
Biological Model 3:
A third biological explanation suggests that individuals may mutilate themselves in order to supply sensory stimulation.
Internet citation: Types of Motivation
The content of this article may be very triggering if you engage in self mutilation; please consider this carefully before reading on.
Self mutilation is very difficult to understand from the prospective of people who have never experienced the behavior themselves. For family members or friends of someone who self mutilates, it is terrifying, confusing, and frustrating.
Internet citation: What is Self Mutilation and Why Does It Happen?
1 in 5 of all violent crimes with juvenile victims occurs between 3 p.m. and 7 p.m. on school days.
Internet citation: OJJDP
Red flags should go up for police or aid workers who notice any of the following during an intake. The individual:
Does not hold his or her own identity or travel documents;
Suffers from verbal or psychological abuse designed to intimidate, degrade and frighten the individual;
Has a trafficker or pimp who controls all the money, victim will have very little or no pocket money; and
Is extremely nervous, especially if their translator (who may be their trafficker) is present during an intake.
Coupled with any of the above, another indicator that a person may be held against their will is if the individual is a foreigner, unable to speak the language in the country where they reside or work.
While there is no set formula to determine whether or not a person has been trafficked, the following list of questions can serve as a guideline to determine if trafficking elements are present in a given situation.
Human Trafficking Screening Questions:
Is the person free to leave the work site?
Is the person physically, sexually or psychologically abused?
Does the person have a passport or valid I.D. card and is he or she in possession of such documents?
What is the pay and conditions of employment?
Does the person live at home or at/near the work site?
How did the individual arrive to this destination if the suspected victim is a foreign national?
Has the person or a family member of this person been threatened?
Does the person fear that something bad will happen to him or her, or to a family member, if he or she leaves the job?
Internet citation: How Can I Recognize Human Trafficking Victims?
Oklahoma's State rock is the Rose Rock, also known as Barite Rose.