Youth & Family Logo  

Youth & Family Resource Center, Inc.

a beacon of hope for families navigating troubled waters

||  Programs  ||   Donate!  ||   Volunteer!  ||   Staff  ||   Board  ||   About Us  ||   Relational Aggression  ||   Links  ||   Adopting  ||   Home  ||   Directions  ||   HIPPA Information  ||   Employment  ||  







boy jail cell

Up to April 1, 1971 there  was no facility to accommodate children in Pottawatomie, Lincoln, Seminole and Okfuskee Counties who were in distress either by reason of misfortune or their own acting out. Many were housed in a cell exactly like the one to the right. It was made for adult offenders. It was barred, locked and stark  read more...

Today is





girls arguing


BullyingSafe Schools | Self Mutilitation  | Human Trafficking | Did you know?

What is Relational Aggression?

Thinking of adopting?

Safe Schools

Create and publicize safety incentive programs that share a percentage of the district's savings with schools if vandalism is reduced. Such programs encourage students to take responsibility for vandalism prevention. Often students are allowed to help decide what projects to help fund.
Encourage the participation of clergy in the development of citizenship education programs. Character, respect and self-discipline are appropriate topics for both sermons and classroom lectures. Consider organizing a representative group of parents, educators and religious leaders to develop a booklet that discusses these issues.
Use service group newsletters to inform members about special school programs. Submit filler, including student essays and art, to editors. Use these forums to encourage school volunteerism as part of public service work.
Internet citation: National School Safety Center

Self Mutilitation

It is estimated that one in every 100 individuals in the United States, or more than 2.5 million people, are self-mutilators. Girls are four times more likely to engage in self-harm than boys, with girls between the ages of 16 and 25 at highest risk, although many girls begin cutting in middle school (ages 12 or 13). At risk individuals also include those who have underlying psychiatric disorders. Up to half of individuals who are self-mutilators were sexually abused as children.
Internet citation: Cutter Demographics
Biological Explanations: Stereotypical self-mutilation has been seen in the Lesch-Nyhan, deLange, and Tourette's syndrome which has spurred interest in a biological model.

Biological Model 1: Recent evidence suggests the role of the neurotransmitter dopamine in self-mutilation.

Biological Model 2: In addition to dopamine, endogenous opioids have also been linked to self-mutilation. The biological reinforcement theory suggests that the pain from self-mutilation may cause the production of endorphins (endogenous opioids) that reduce dysphoria. A cycle is formed in which the habitual self-mutilator will hurt themselves in order to feel better.

Biological Model 3: A third biological explanation suggests that individuals may mutilate themselves in order to supply sensory stimulation.

Internet citation: Types of Motivation
The content of this article may be very triggering if you engage in self mutilation; please consider this carefully before reading on. Self mutilation is very difficult to understand from the prospective of people who have never experienced the behavior themselves. For family members or friends of someone who self mutilates, it is terrifying, confusing, and frustrating.

Internet citation: What is Self Mutilation and Why Does It Happen?

Did you know?

Status offenses are act committed by juveniles that would NOT be a crime if committed by an adult, for example, running away.

Internet citation: OJJDP

Human Trafficking

Recognizing the Signs 
Young girls are forced to sell sex by knocking on cab doors at truck stops. Are you or someone you know being trafficked? Is human trafficking happening in your community? Is the situation you may have encountered actually human trafficking? The following is a list of potential red flags and indicators of human trafficking to help you recognize the signs. If you see any of these red flags, contact the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline at 1-888-3737-888 to report the situation. This list is not exhaustive and represents only a selection of possible indicators. Also, the red flags in this list may not be present in all trafficking cases and are not cumulative. 

Common Work and Living Conditions:
The Individual(s) in Question

Is not free to leave or come and go as he or she wishes Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts

Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp or manager I

Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips Works excessively long or unusual hours

Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work

Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off

Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his or her work

High security measures exist in the work, living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)

Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior

Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous or paranoid

Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement

Avoids eye contact Poor Physical Health Lacks health care

Appears malnourished

Shows signs of physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture

Lack of Control

Has few or no personal possessions Is not in control of his or her own money, no financial records, or bank account Is not in control of his or her own identification documents (ID or passport)

Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present)

Other Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he or she is staying/address

Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and do not know what city he or she is in

Loss of sense of time

Has numerous inconsistencies in his or her story

Internet citation: Recognizing the Signs


Oklahoma Fact!

Oklahoma has a population of 3,258,000 people. It ranks 27th in population in the USA. There are 46.6 people per square mile.





boy blowing bubbles



Accredited by

United Way of Pottawatomie County   DHS logo  National CASA Association Logo  COA Logo  OAYS  CFC Logo


Youth & Family | 326 West Eleventh Street | Shawnee, Oklahoma 74801 | 405.275.3340 | Fax 405.275.3343